As of 2011, 70% of Calgarians commuted to work by driving, 5% were passengers in a vehicle, 17% commuted by public transit, and 6% got to work by walking or cycling (National Household Survey, Labour, 2011). However, these commuting practices do not always reflect people’s true preferences: driving is frequently the only viable mobility option due to existing transportation infrastructure and development patterns. This could change in future based on upon which transportation modes we adopt and how we integrate them with development planning decisions.
City of Calgary has adopted the Investing in Mobility: 2013-2022 Transportation Infrastructure Investment Plan, a $4.5 billion plan which supports transit-oriented development and addresses the cost to maintain Calgary’s existing infrastructure and accommodate growth. However, funding for capital transportation projects is expected to decline significantly in the coming years with the end of a number of provincial and federal funding programs. While the City has recently been spending approximately $400 million each year on transportation infrastructure, it anticipates that amount to drop to $250 million a year over the next 10 years.